Proportion of Black Americans in each county of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census

This list of U.S. cities by Black population covers all incorporated cities and Census-designated places with a population over 100,000 and a proportion of Black residents over 30% in the 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the territory of Puerto Rico and the population in each city that is Black or African American.

The data source for the list is the 2020 United States Census.[1]

At the time of the 2020 Census, there were 47.5 million Americans who were Black (either alone or in combination), making up 14.2% of the U.S. population. Texas has the largest Black population with over 3.9 million. State by state, the highest number of Black Americans could be found in Texas (3.96 million), Florida (3.70 million), Georgia (3.54 million), New York (3.53 million), and California (2.83 million). Meanwhile, the highest proportions of African Americans were in the District of Columbia (44.17%), Mississippi (37.94%), Louisiana (33.13%), Georgia (33.03%), and Maryland (32.01%).

Throughout the country, there are 342 cities with a population over 100,000. 19 of them had Black (alone or in combination) majorities, and in 46 more cities, between 30% and 50% of the population identified as Black. Out of the 19 majority-Black cities, four were in Georgia and Louisiana and Alabama had three each. Meanwhile, the states of Florida, TexasOhioMichiganNew JerseyVirginiaTennesseeMassachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi each had one majority-Black city. [2]

In 2020, the largest cities which had a Black majority were Detroit, Michigan (population 639K), Memphis, Tennessee (population 633K), Baltimore, Maryland (population 534K), New Orleans, Louisiana (population 384K), and Cleveland, Ohio (population 373K).


The list below displays each city (or city-equivalent) in the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico with a population over 100,000 and a Black proportion over 30% as of the 2020 Census. It includes the city's total population, the number of Black people in the city, and the percentage of people in the city who are Black as of the 2020 Census. The table is initially sorted by the Black proportion of each city but is sortable by any of its columns, as can be found by clicking the table headers.

Cities where people who are Black alone are not at least 30% of the population, while people who are either Black alone, or, in combination with another race, do form at least 30% of the population, are italicized.

CityStateBlack %  Black alone %PopulationBlack
Black alone
South Fulton Georgia93.26%90.53%107,436100,19097,259
Jackson Mississippi80.45%78.86%153,701123,656121,215
Detroit Michigan80.38%77.69%639,111513,697496,534
Gary Indiana78.47%73,88655,369
Birmingham Alabama69.82%68.40%200,733140,156137,296
Miami Gardens Florida66.97%63.50%111,64074,76170,886
Memphis Tennessee63.34%61.57%633,104401,033389,779
Montgomery Alabama61.91%60.29%200,603124,187120,950
Baltimore Maryland60.42%57.79%585,708353,890338,478
Augusta Georgia58.61%55.81%202,081118,441112,773
Wilmington Delaware58.26%69,29341,157
Shreveport Louisiana57.82%56.02%187,593108,474105,088
New Orleans Louisiana57.02%54.24%383,997218,969208,273
Macon Georgia56.48%54.58%157,34688,86585,885
Baton Rouge Louisiana55.43%53.84%227,470126,097122,461
Hampton Virginia53.65%49.52%137,14873,57967,915
Newark New Jersey53.22%49.45%311,549165,802154,048
Mobile Alabama53.04%51.35%187,04199,19896,039
Cleveland Ohio51.59%48.37%372,624192,239180,224
Brockton Massachusetts51.42%34.98%105,64354,32036,951
Savannah Georgia51.41%49.14%147,78075,97972,618
Atlanta Georgia49.51%47.22%498,715246,906235,513
Columbus Georgia49.40%46.47%206,922102,21296,163
Beaumont Texas49.15%47.32%115,28256,66654,549
Fayetteville North Carolina47.58%42.99%208,50199,20889,645
Miramar Florida46.43%42.39%134,72162,55357,109
Newport News Virginia46.35%42.25%186,24786,33078,687
St. Louis Missouri45.45%43.04%301,578137,059129,814
Greensboro North Carolina44.83%41.99%299,035134,071125,574
Rochester New York44.55%40.10%211,32894,14284,752
Washington District of Columbia44.17%41.45%689,545304,539285,810
Dayton Ohio43.90%40.67%137,64460,43255,981
Norfolk Virginia43.55%40.16%238,005103,65795,594
Killeen Texas43.47%37.27%153,09566,55657,055
Cincinnati Ohio43.35%40.55%309,317134,092125,443
North Charleston South Carolina42.99%40.64%114,85249,37146,673
Richmond Virginia42.91%40.45%226,61097,24091,653
Little Rock Arkansas42.35%40.64%202,59185,79082,340
Hartford Connecticut42.32%38.19%121,05451,23646,231
Inglewood California42.24%38.70%107,76245,52341,708
Philadelphia Pennsylvania42.01%39.31%1,603,797673,785630,462
Milwaukee Wisconsin41.50%38.59%577,222239,542222,746
Columbia South Carolina40.36%38.50%136,63255,14052,598
Buffalo New York40.16%36.87%278,349111,796102,636
Bridgeport Connecticut38.59%35.07%148,65457,37252,138
Durham North Carolina38.59%36.24%283,506109,411102,742
Tallahassee Florida37.22%35.02%196,16973,00768,691
New Haven Connecticut35.82%32.20%134,02348,00143,160
Charlotte North Carolina35.39%33.05%874,579309,487289,062
Syracuse New York35.37%30.67%148,62052,57345,588
Winston-Salem North Carolina34.98%32.52%249,54587,28681,148
Akron Ohio34.94%31.41%190,46966,55559,821
High Point North Carolina34.35%32.10%114,05939,18336,610
West Palm Beach Florida34.13%31.65%117,41540,07537,160
Jacksonville Florida33.20%30.57%949,611315,281290,279
Toledo Ohio32.67%28.76%270,87188,50377,897
Lafayette Louisiana32.42%30.70%121,37439,35437,259
Columbus Ohio31.77%28.65%905,748287,735259,483
Chesapeake Virginia31.68%28.97%249,42279,01372,268
Huntsville Alabama31.45%29.34%215,00667,62663,085
Columbia Maryland31.25%27.65%104,68132,71828,941
Peoria Illinois31.13%27.86%113,15035,22831,527
Chattanooga Tennessee30.89%29.09%181,09955,95052,690
Chicago Illinois30.79%29.17%2,746,388845,638801,195
Roanoke Virginia30.76%27.47%100,01130,76427,470
Pompano Florida30.71%28.55%112,04634,41031,994
Indianapolis Indiana30.55%27.95%887,642271,214248,067


  1. ^ "2020 Census"2020 Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  2. ^ Dulaney, W. Marvin (July 25, 2016) [June 9, 2010]. "African Americans"Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.